Volume 5, Issue 3, September 2020, Page: 37-41
Orthogonal Experimental Research the Gangue in Gallium Extraction Conditions
Tian Aijie, Department of medicine and health care, Jinan Technician College, Ji’nan, China
Tian Aimin, School of chemical engineering, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao, China
Kong Lingliang, Jinan West Railway Station Transportation Co., Ltd., Ji’nan, China
Liu Zhenxue, School of chemical engineering, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao, China
Received: Aug. 6, 2020;       Accepted: Aug. 21, 2020;       Published: Aug. 27, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijmpem.20200503.11      View  53      Downloads  37
After mining for many years, the coal gangue piles up, not only occupies a large amount of land, but also causes serious pollution. Therefore, the treatment and utilization of coal gangue has become an important topic for coal mining and environmental protection departments. The inorganic components of coal gangue are mainly SiO2 and Al2O3, followed by Fe2O3, generally accounting for 75%~80% of all components. Organic components are mainly composed of Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and organic Sulfur, accounting for 20%~25% of all components of oal gangue. In addition, the gangue also contains a small amount of Gallium, Alum, Germanium and other rare earth elements. In recent years, the research of extracting Gallium from other raw materials has developed rapidly. In order to make full use of the waste of resources, turning waste into treasure, improve the economic and social benefits, the paper adopted orthogonal experiment to explore the the gangue gallium extraction conditions. The experiments take the high-temperature acid leaching method of orthogonal experimental design experimental conditions. Acid concentration, ignition temperature, ignition time, the acid leaching temperature, leaching time and other factors on the extraction rate of gallium. After a large number of scientific comparison of the experimental conditions, to get the better conditions of the extraction of gallium that acid concentration 6mol / L, the ignition temperature of 600°C, the ignition time 0.5h, acid leaching temperature of 100°C, leaching time for 6 h. The extraction rate of 95%, provide a viable experimental conditions for the gangue gallium extraction.
Gallium, Coal Gangue, Extraction, Orthogonal Experiment
To cite this article
Tian Aijie, Tian Aimin, Kong Lingliang, Liu Zhenxue, Orthogonal Experimental Research the Gangue in Gallium Extraction Conditions, International Journal of Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy. Vol. 5, No. 3, 2020, pp. 37-41. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmpem.20200503.11
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