Volume 4, Issue 1, March 2019, Page: 26-35
The Influence of Iron Ore Tax on China's Metallurgical Mines
Minjie Lian, Sinosteel Mining Co., Ltd, Beijing, China
Mushou Lai, Sinosteel Mining Co., Ltd, Beijing, China
Received: Mar. 26, 2019;       Accepted: Apr. 30, 2019;       Published: Jun. 18, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijmpem.20190401.15      View  38      Downloads  7
Abstract
Mining industry is a very important industry in China. Its tax and fee policy is related to the whole industry. This paper summarizes the main types of taxes and fees involved in iron ore in China, Australia, Russia, Cameroon, Brazil, India and South Africa, and also compare the comprehensive tax and fee burden rates of iron ore companies in China with those of four major international mining companies, Rio Tinto, BHP Billiton, Valley and FMG. It concludes that the comprehensive tax and fee burden rates of iron ore companies in China are higher about 6% than those of the four major international mining companies. The main reasons for the increase are unreasonable industrial orientation of mining industry, high resource tax and value-added tax rates, few deductible items of value-added tax, and unreasonable collection of local special taxes and fees. Finally the author puts forward five suggestions on how to reduce the tax burden of iron ore companies. First, the government can improve the tax system and form a scientific, reasonable tax system. The second is adjusting the mining industry from the second industry to the primary industry. The third is to formulate a national strategy to ensure the safety of iron ore supply. The fourth is to uniformly determine the collection standard of resource tax rate by the country, cancel the unreasonable tax and fee collected by local government. The fifth is to increase fuel tax credits for mining companies.
Keywords
Iron Ore, Taxes and Fees, Industry Orientation, Suggestion
To cite this article
Minjie Lian, Mushou Lai, The Influence of Iron Ore Tax on China's Metallurgical Mines, International Journal of Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2019, pp. 26-35. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmpem.20190401.15
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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